AcneIntroduction

 Acne vulgaris (or acne) is a common skin disease, especially among adolescents.

Acne vulgaris (or acne) is a common skin disease, especially among adolescents. 

Blockage of sebaceous glands and colonisation with proionobacterium acnes leads to acne1. Acne is characterized by “lesions such as comedones, papules, pustules and nodules, number and site of post-acne scarring, post-acne hyperpigmentation”2.

“Acne often begins with the adrenarche, namely with the up-regulation of adrenal synthesis of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, a hormone that is upstream to testosterone”3.

Diet also plays a role in acne, with dairy products and high glycemic index foods implicated4.

A study in Korea made a similar finding, adding that vegetables and fish were more commonly eaten by those without acne5.

Page last edited: 17 May 2011

References

  1. Ayer, J. Burrows, N. Acne: more than skin deep. Postgraduate medical journal. 2006 Aug; 82 (970): 500-6.
  2. Adityan, B. Thappa, D. M. Profile of acne vulgaris–a hospital-based study from South India. Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology. 2009 May-Jun; 75 (3): 272-8.
  3. Zouboulis, C. C. [Acne vulgaris. The role of hormones]. Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete. 2010 Feb; 61 (2): 107-8, 110-4.
  4. Melnik, B. [Acne vulgaris. Role of diet]. Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete. 2010 Feb; 61 (2): 115-25.
  5. Jung, J. Y. Yoon, M. Y. Min, S. U. Hong, J. S. Choi, Y. S. Suh, D. H. The influence of dietary patterns on acne vulgaris in Koreans. European journal of dermatology : EJD. 2010 Nov-Dec; 20 (6): 768-72.